Data Is the New Soil for Agriculture!

With the innovation of technology and agriculture inputs, production in agriculture has enhanced by several folds up. For fulfilling the climbing demand of food supply, the traditional crop ranges have been replaced by the high yielding ranges. Environment-friendly change occurred in the nation many thanks to enhanced seed varieties, use chemical fertilizers, growth of watering centers and so on. It is indisputable that this change included the unfortunate and also unforeseen expense of traditional plant selections, natural harmony and ecological balance. Manufacturing expenses for plants have chaotically leaped, breaking the foundation of the marginal and tiny farmers. The successive routines can be pleased with the increased production of plants, yet let’s not fail to remember that the population has actually almost doubled in the last 3 decades, and costs of basics have tripled. Population growth as well as prices of fundamentals with each other have actually far surpassed farming production.

People in massive number have migrated from towns to communities for alternative income options. Movement has a definite link with agricultural production and also inflation. It has actually long been said that our land has shed fertility due to unplanned treatment, wrong cultivation practices, and also inadequate and also inappropriate state administration policy. The farmers and their conventional methods can be questioned however it’s true that they are constantly entrusted what they have, as well as with little or no help, and with excruciating increase in, as well as scarcity of agriculture inputs. The reality was located throughout our monitoring at the area level (January – March 2011), as an example, at Kushtia district. The peasants claim, there was a time 7/8 years back when they used to obtain 20 maunds (local weight measurement unit; 40 kgs make 1 maund) of rice per bigha (town dimension system; about 1 bigha makes 0.33 acre), today they get 7/8 maunds on the standard. It’s hard, otherwise difficult, for the tiny as well as minimal land holders to depend upon land outputs (plants) only for their household expenditures any more.

Now the concern develops right here – if the agriculture manufacturing, i.e., its return is much less than family expenditure, just how do the farmhouses survive?

Without much description of peasants’ difficulty, vulnerability, as well as source of income selections, we see the inner movement of professions of farmhouse members to non-farm tasks as well as manufacturing facility or sector wage workers. The farmhouses have actually picked livestock rearing on industrial basis, shop-keeping etc., and also the farmhouse members have actually chosen wage labors in mills, workshops, factories, as well as industries. This sensation has actually reduced dependency of the farmhouses on income from agriculture plants, as well as has actually kicked back burden on their ownership of little landholdings. The farmhouse members staying very much in your homes can meet their very own expenses, and once in a while, instead buy farming production. It is kept in mind that the poor capital of our farmhouses constricts farm monitoring and also crop diversity, which eventually and consistently brings about inadequate ranch production.

Here are 4 case studies from the very same town. In the first instance research study (household-1), the farmer endures due to absence of financial investment capital, with no off-farm income earners in the family. In the second and also third case studies (household-2,3), the farmhouses are doing well many thanks to the interaction of the household members in bordering sectors. According to the fourth case study (household-4) also the landless farmer with boosted labor wages and non-farm activity is improving his way of life.

In 2010, Mr. Nuruddin (head of household-1) of town Kathulia village of Kushtia area created maize, hemp, paddy (of selections Gazi, BR-33), til (sesame) as well as papaya. He spent an overall of BDT (Tk.) 50600 (USD 1 = BDT 70 roughly), as well as got an internet return of Tk. 30000. He marketed out paddy straws, jute stems, a goat, bamboos as well as jack fruits as well as earned Tk. 18200. So, his overall revenue throughout the year stood at Tk. 48200, while his family expense for the same year was approximated at Tk. 56500.

Mr. Nuruddin, an old guy of 80, has actually obtained his four children married far from town. Round the year the loved ones visit them, which increase the household expenses. Furthermore, he has to provide little economic assistance to them every so often, and also send out some ranch and also homestead products to the little girls’ houses over the last couple of years. So, they run family with constraints with food lack practically each year. His only kid is a public college student, but aids him in farming once in a while. Nuruddin’s spouse expands various leafy veggies on homestead round the year for house consumptions.

For monetary restraints because of children’ marital relationship, loved ones’ visit etc., he might not make larger financial investment to expand lucrative crops, as well as can’t take excellent treatment of his crops. So, he generally gets reduced harvest, and can’t buy livestock. He took a small business loan of Tk. 25000 in 2004, however invested all for household functions, as well as can not pay off the car loan in time. In 2008, the funding quantity stood at Tk. 37000 with rate of interest, which he might not pay back. So, with the recommendations of a financial institution area officer, he got another loan of Tk. 39000, where he paid back his previous due loan. At the end of 2010 the secondly due lending stood at around Tk. 43000 again. He does not know exactly how to repay this quantity. At the end of 2010, he broke down 2 bighas of arrive on kot (neighborhood land leasing system) for Tk. 100000. He says, “Besides exceptional bank loans, yearly I have a deficiency of Tk. 4000-5000. I have likewise small loans from NGOs, which I pay back with challenge, yet exceptional small business loan allow stress for me”.

Nuruddin’s kid added, “Farmers obtain bank loans and also finish them swiftly to satisfy food and other lingering family demands without assuming much that they need to settle it in time, and that’s the way the loans come in bigger quantity in some years with added rate of interests, for which farmers offer out lands at last oftentimes.”

Rm. Arshed Ali (head of household-2) produced rice of various varieties including Gazi, IRRI-10 and also 28. He got a harvest of 90 maunds (3600 kgs) worth Tk. 77100. He spent Tk. 29250 for production. His web return was Tk. 47850. He additionally created eggplants of 30 maunds (1200 kgs) worth Tk. 15600. He spent Tk. 7000 for this production as well as obtained an internet return of Tk. 8600. He spent Tk. 2000 to produce 10 maunds (400 kgs) of cabbage worth Tk. 5000 with an internet return of Tk. 3000. He marketed paddy straws at Tk. 12000. From all the plants of his cultivated land he made an internet return of Tk. 71450 in 2010.

In 2010, he reared cattle as well as made a web return of Tk. 50000 with a financial investment of Tk. 350000, in which Tk. 30000 is estimated as overdue household labor.

Arshed’s one boy aged 30 with secondary school level education is a manufacturing facility laborer. Currently, he makes an overall of Tk. 60000 in a year. The family gains an overall of Tk. 181450 annually from both farm generates, livestock and non-farm earning, while the family expenditure is estimated at Tk. 180000.

In 2009, Arshed leased in a fish farm, as well as yet might not make benefit from it, which year he had an organic medicine store in the town market. From this organization he made of profit of around 30000. He likewise works in the village as an arbitrator in numerous mediation as well as lawsuits, from which he has a revenue, which can not be estimated. Nevertheless, from these added to this earnings from cattle raising, he made a block home in 2009-2010.

He said, “With traditional crop production with little location of land, we can not run our household. Since I have to maintain a family members status, and some visitors additionally come usually, so my household expense is also high contrasted to others. That’s why I think of gaining from different resources.”

Mr. Abdur Rahim (head of household-3) generated rice of various selections consisting of Gazi, IRRI-10, 11, 12, 9. He got a harvest of 78 maunds (3120 kgs) worth Tk. 54200. He invested Tk. 31477 for manufacturing. His net return was Tk. 22723. He also produced jute of 8 maunds (320 kgs) worth Tk. 12000. He invested Tk. 4000 for this production and obtained a net return of Tk. 8000. He created onion (2 maunds = 80 kgs) worth Tk. 2000 and also garlic (1.5 maunds = 60 kgs) worth Tk. 6000. For production of both onion and garlic he invested Tk. 2000, and from these he made a web return of Tk. 6000. He sold paddy straws as well as hemp stems at Tk. 20000. From all the plants of his grown land he made a web return of Tk. 56723 in 2010.

In 2010, he reared cattle and also made a net return of Tk. 47000 with an investment of Tk. 20000.
Rahim’s 2 boys, one aged 32 without formal education, as well as the various other aged 30 with senior high school level education, are manufacturing facility laborers. Currently, they gain a total amount of Tk. 156000 in a year. The family members makes an overall of Tk. 259723 from both farm generates, cattle as well as non-farm earning, while the family expenditure is approximated at Tk. 199700. This year (2011) he takes one more 15 kathas (local area measurement device; 1 katha makes about 1.6 decimals) of arrive on kot at Tk. 70000.

Around 15 years back, Rahim split from moms and dads, and also began his tiny household on his very own. That time he had 3 bighas of land. He acquired one more 3 bighas of land in the last 10 years. He purchased land pieces of 10/12 kathas each at once at Tk. around 20000-30000 per bighas. 2 years back, he constructed block home with a price of around Tk. 300000.

He stated, “Revenue from land is falling now. Once we navigated 20 maunds of rice per bigha. Last year we generated 8-10 maunds of rice per bigha. Family earnings generally comes from cattle and goats. With this revenue, I do this that, get and boost things. Cash for residence building likewise originated from livestock rearing. Besides, the elder boy operates in business for last 2 years, as well as the younger one benefits 4/5 years. They add to the revenue. They assist run family. ”

Akram Hossain (head of household-4) possesses no land whatsoever, yet he maintains land for farming annually. Over years he offers labor to farming farms and runs his family with labor earnings. He rears cattle and also goat annually, and thus makes some profit from it. In 2010, he gained around Tk. 54000 from wage labors at Tk. 150 each day and at Tk. 4500 on the typical per month. In 2010, he kept 4 bighas of arrive at kot. From the production of rice and also wheat, he made a take-home pay of Tk. 22260 and also Tk. 4900 specifically. He additionally made Tk. 7200 from sale of paddy straws. From cattle rearing during the year, he got a web return Smile Farm of Tk. 15000. He also offered one and also half bighas of land for share chopping, from where he obtained his share of plant worth Tk. 6000. From both farm productions, livestock raising as well as labor earnings, he earned a total amount of Tk. 109360. His household expense is calculated at Tk. 71000 for many years 2010.

When inquired about his earning as well as farm production, he claimed, “The rice I obtain from farming stays mainly for family intake over a year. I sell out various other crops. My major source of income is farm labor, and livestock and goat rearing. I can bear the education expenses of my son of course 7, as well as additionally can save some cash for following year investment for livestock.”

The various other farmers talking about Akram commented that Akram does not have to market out crops because he makes from labor earnings to meet family members expenses. They also claimed, people like him in the village are succeeding nowadays. They go to secure condition.

Conclusion:

Alongside with the huge markets, expansion of small range industries at the semi-urban areas adjacent to rural areas with proper focus to environmental concerns as well as precaution in all districts, possibly in all upazilas and union degrees (local administrative units), can produce higher employment of the farmhouse members. Regional people develop their own ingenious suggestions and also business, which hire country young people. In most cases, the industry people and interest groups are discovered acting and also circulating against little industries. Neighborhood public officials (line ministries) can deal with such situations if any kind of, and encourage the little entrepreneurs at urban borders beside backwoods, with rewards if necessary. If sectors particularly pertaining to food processing, country transport, or house necessaries expand in the vicinity of rural areas with appropriate caution for atmosphere and dangerous labor, as well as without wasting cultivable land, can instead save agriculture families from losing lands, help suffering farming manufacturing as well as meeting other expenditures including those for education. The inadequate, marginal as well as small farmhouse participants are found to have spent share of their revenue from alternate off-farm activities (for example, from cattle raising) and also markets in their agriculture farming, which notes a better monitoring of their agriculture farming as well as land. This indicates an improved as well as motivating country economic climate.